Toenail Fungus Treatment Complications
Here are some things to think about when deciding on a nail fungus treatment.
If you have a disease like diabetes, your doctor will make sure you treat nail fungus. This illness often makes you more likely to have other problems from minor foot issues.
You may not be able to take antifungal pills because of side effects or because they donât work well with other drugs you take. If that’s the case, try a product that goes onto your nail. Your doctor will call this a topical treatment.
Be patient. Your nails may not look “normal” after treatment. It can take as long as a year to 18 months for your nail to grow out a fungus.
What Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider About Toenail Fungus
If you have toenail fungus, you may find it helpful to ask your provider:
- What type of infection do I have?
- Do you recommend I treat it? Why or why not?
- How long will I need treatment?
- What steps can I take to stop it from coming back?
- Should I be aware of any potentially serious complications or treatment side effects?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Toenail fungus is an incredibly common infection that can be difficult to treat. The condition usually isnt painful, but it may make you feel self-conscious about how your foot looks. If it bothers you, talk to your provider about your treatment options. A trained specialist can provide guidance on whats most likely to address your concerns while protecting your overall health.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/17/2020.
Probiotics Can Inhibit The Formation Of Pathogenic Fungal Biofilms
Biofilm and fungal resistance are intimately connected. Biofilm is a bacterial or fungal cell colony that is attached to the surface of live or non-viable tissue and enveloped in an extracellular polymeric matrix, created by the bacterial or fungal cells themselves. It can build a diffusion barrier to prevent the penetration of antifungal drugs, protect fungal cells, diminish sensitivity and even improve resistance to antifungal drugs . Factors associated with biofilm resistance include resistance to antimicrobial agents by slowing the growth of strains high expression of surface-induced drug resistance genes abnormal metabolism of sterols on the membrane surface the heterogeneity of cells resulting in the production of a large number of mycelium cells and so on . According to research, the sensitivity of fungi to azole drugs, amphotericin B, and other clinically commonly used antifungal drugs is significantly reduced after biofilm formation .
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How Do You Get A Fungal Nail Infection
Most fungal nail infections occur as a result of the fungi that cause athlete’s foot infecting the nails.
These fungi often live harmlessly on your skin, but they can sometimes multiply and lead to infections. The fungi prefer warm, dark and moist places like the feet.
You’re more likely to get a fungal nail infection if you:
- don’t keep your feet clean and dry
- wear shoes that cause your feet to get hot and sweaty
- walk around barefoot in places where fungal infections can spread easily, such as communal showers, locker rooms and gyms
- have damaged your nails
- have a weakened immune system
- have certain other health conditions, such as diabetes, psoriasis or peripheral arterial disease
Fungal nail infections can be spread to other people, so you should take steps to avoid this if you have an infection.
The Supplements And Medicine For Fungus Removal
You can treat the toenail fungus through internal treatments. It is possible by working on your immune system, and letting the body clean the toenail fungus on its own.
Many supplements are exclusively designed to treat toenail fungus or any other skin infection. They may contain probiotics, immunity boosters, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant compounds. These supplements are going to make your body stronger and treat toenail fungus internally.
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Understanding Foot Fungus And How It Spreads
The scientific and medical term for this type of fungal infection is called onychomycosis, is caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes.
Prevent the foot fungus from spreading to other parts of the body and other people.
These fungal pathogens are harmful and dangerous for your health because as they grow they feed on the keratin that makes up the surface of the toenail, causing disfiguration and discoloration, infecting the surrounding skins, and nails cause scaling of the skin on the side of the foot. The fungus also causes foul smell for your toes, which can cause extreme embarassing social problem for people with this condition.The toenail fungus becomes deeply embedded in, under and around the nail, and its also inside of you as well. When you have a weakened immune system, this allows the fungus to proliferate without restraints. This is one reason why its so difficult to cure because the prescription anti-fungal always have a long list of side-effects that are commonly associated with its usage. And the drugs DO NOT cure and get rid of the foot fungus. It will most likely damage the liver and cause more harm to the user.
Treatment Options For Nail Fungus
Most of my conversation is usually discussing medical therapy, so things that are available by prescription only. And those come in two main forms, which are topical antifungal medications, and then oral antifungal medications. There are other surgical or procedural options, so you can remove nails as well. And then there’s starting to be more interest in technologies like lasers for nail fungus.
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Understanding Nail Infections To Get Rid Of Toenail Fungus
Any one of these treatment options can offer relief for toenail fungus, but in order to effectively treat and then prevent re-infection, it is important to understand how nail infections work. Knowledge is power, and, in this case, it gives you the tools to answer the question, how to get rid of toenail fungus fast!
Approximately 12% of the adult population suffers with a nail fungus to some degree. This problem can affect both old and young but is more common in older adults and particularly those with a compromised immune system.
You should understand you have both good and bad bacteria in and even on your body at all times. Inside the body, the good bacteria work to keep bad bacteria in check, but when the scales get tipped in the other direction, it can leave you vulnerable to all sorts of infections, including toenail fungus.
Of course, imbalances in your system is only one of the many ways you could acquire a toenail fungus. Here are just a few more culprits:
- Tight, dirty footwear
- Contact- nail salon , pool, gym or sauna that are contaminated.
- Athletes foot
- Poor circulation arterial disease or diabetes are common causes
- Genetic condition
- Contaminated nail utensils
Signs And Symptoms Of A Fungal Nail Infection
A fungal nail infection may not cause any obvious symptoms at first.
As it progresses, the infection can cause:
- discolouration of the nail it may turn white, black, yellow or green
- thickening and distortion of the nail it may become an unusual shape or texture and be difficult to trim
- pain or discomfort particularly when using or placing pressure on the affected toe or finger
- brittle or crumbly nails pieces may break off and come away completely
Sometimes the skin nearby may also become infected and be itchy and cracked or red and swollen.
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Baking Soda With Apple Cider Vinegar
In this process, baking soda creates an alkaline environment to prevent the infection while acidic properties of apple cider vinegar help to kill off the fungus without altering the pH level of the skin.
- Add 1 cup of apple cider vinegar to enough amounts of water for soaking.
- Soak your toenails or fingernails in the mixture for 15 minutes.
- Remove and pat them dry.
- Now add several tablespoons of BS into enough water.
- Mix well and soak them again for 15 minutes.
- Pat the feet or fingers dry with paper towels.
- Repeat the process 2 times daily.
Can Leaving Toenail Polish On Too Long Cause Fungus
The danger with keeping your nail polish on too long is that the pigment in the nail polish can soak into the top few layers of the nail and dry it out, Dr. Rowland says. When that happens, fungus, yeast, bacteria, mold and mildew can develop underneath the nail plate, which can lead to long-term problems.
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How To Treat Toenail Fungus
You can use simple home remedies to get rid of toenail fungus, or a podiatrist can take care of toenail fungus, particularly if it is caught early.
Topical or oral treatments can also work on toenail fungus, as well as the removal of the infected nail. A temporary removal can work to treat the area, but a permanent removal so that the bad nail wont grow back can also be performed.
What Kills Toenail Fungus Fast
The best way to figure out how to get rid of your toenail fungus as quickly as possible is to see your healthcare provider at the first sign of changes in the nails. Your healthcare provider can examine the affected toenail and take a sample if necessary, then make a recommendation on the best treatment for you. Even though treatments can help, the nail may take up to 18 months to grow out. Unfortunately, although there are many remedies to try, whether natural, over-the-counter, or prescription, it can take a while for the affected toenail to return to normal.
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How To Get Rid Of Toenail Fungus
You may have toenail fungus if one or more of your nails is discolored, brittle, crumbly, or thicker than normal. The condition normally develops as an infection under the surface of a nail. As the infection grows, the nail will become darker and can develop a foul odor. White marks may also develop on the nail plate, and debris may accumulate under it. The condition may also cause pain.
Because the condition causes a progressive deterioration of the toenails quality and color, the toenail can become ugly and embarrassing. As a result, many people affected by the condition delay seeking treatment. Unfortunately, this can worsen the condition. The earlier you seek professional treatment for toenail fungus, the easier it will be to clear the infection.
The effectiveness of treatments will vary depending on the type and severity of your infection. Youll get the best results from working with a fungal toenail specialist. Podiatrist and foot and ankle specialist of Foot Care Specialists, PC, in Quincy and Dedham, Massachusetts, provides fast and effective treatment for toenail fungus. Dr. Lukoff can use treatments ranging from oral medications to cutting-edge lasers.
Can I Wear Nail Polish If I Have Toenail Fungus
Although the nail will grow with or without polish, its best to skip the pedicures for a while. While it can be tempting to hide the condition, nail polish can trap moisture from the nail bed, making it a welcoming environment for fungi. Nail polish can also interfere with topical treatments. Switch to socks and sneakers for a more comfortable way to hide toenail fungus.
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What Side Effects And Drug
The possible side effects of itraconazole include headaches, dizziness, stomach and bowel problems, and rashes. Itraconazole can also interact with a number of other drugs. These include cholesterol-reducing and blood-sugar-lowering medications, as well as certain sleeping pills. It is therefore important to let your doctor know about any medication you take. Itraconazole is not an option for people with heart failure . It also isnt suitable for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Terbinafine can cause gastrointestinal problems and a temporary loss of taste and smell. It can also interact with certain antidepressants and heart medications. Overall, terbinafine has far fewer drug-drug interactions than itraconazole. Nevertheless, its still important to tell your doctor if you are taking any other medication. As a precaution, this medication should not be taken during pregnancy or if you are breastfeeding.
The studies only rarely reported on how often the different side effects occurred. But most people tolerate nail fungus medications well. Only a few people in the studies stopped treatment because of side effects.
But there is a very small risk of liver damage from taking itraconazole or terbinafine. For this reason, people with a liver disease are only given these medications if its absolutely necessary.
Put An End To Unsightly Fungal Toenails With Our Help
You don’t know how you got them, but you’d like nothing more than to get rid of them. Thick, yellow toenails that break apart easily at the edges are a sign that you have fungi growing underneath the nail. The same fungus that causes athlete’s foot when it infects the areas between your toes and on the bottoms of your feet can be a nuisance at best and painful at worst when it infects the nail bed. Called onychomycosis, nail fungus is hard to get rid of on your own. Learn more about this stubborn condition and how our team of podiatrists and medical assistants can help you.
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Cure Toenail Pain From Fungus Infection
Know The Symptoms And Reasons You Shouldn’t Wait to Seek Effective Treatment
A painful, thick, yellow, green, brown or black toenail means you could have a toenail fungus infection. If you have a toenail fungal infection it won’t go away on its own. You can’t get rid of it with home remedies or over the counter topical treatments. Learn why, and how to cure it by reading more.
Toenail fungus is common and it can develop when dry, brittle nails develop cracks that allow fungus to enter the nail unit. A toenail fungus infection most often occurs when excessive moisture gets under your toenail and is trapped by your socks and shoes, allowing fungus to grow and thrive. Nail fungus can also be caused by yeast and mold.
Left untreated toenail fungus can become a foot fungus, spreading from your toenail, to the skin in between your toes, your arch and the heel of your foot.
Scratching it or picking at it can also spread it to your fingers, and then to other parts of your body. You can also spread it to other people if you are sharing a shower or tub.
Doctors Weigh Best Treatments
The best treatment for fungal nail infections is a prescription that your dermatologist can prescribe that you take every day for two-to-three months. The pill is not for everyone, since oral antifungals can interact with other medications and can affect the liver.
Fortunately if you dont want to or cant take a pill, there are topical solutions to treat nail fungus. Although topical medications are desirable because of the low risk of side effects and interaction with other medications, they have much longer treatment regimens. Generally, topical medications have a lower clearance rate compared to oral pills.
Newer topical antifungals including Efinaconazole and Tavaborole have better penetration of the nail plate and so they work better compared to older topical medications, says Dr. Ng. She says the topical medications work best if you only have partial nail involvement.
Lasers are approved by the FDA to temporarily increase the amount of clear nail. However, the cure rates are lower than oral medications and topical solutions.
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When Are The Different Treatments Considered
Most doctors recommend treating nail fungus with nail polish or cream if
- not much more than half of the nail is affected by the fungus,
- the base of the nail is not infected, and
- only some nails are affected.
Topical treatment is also usually recommended for children. One reason for this is that most oral medications arent suitable for children. Another reason is that children have thinner nails that grow more quickly, so its assumed that treatment with nail polish or creams is more likely to work in children than in adults. White superficial onychomycosis is also often treated with a nail polish or cream.
If several nails are infected by the fungus, or if the infection has spread out more on the affected nails, its usually necessary to take oral medication. And if the infection started at the base of the nail, its highly likely that only tablets will help.
Toenail Fungus: Causes And Risk Factors
Toenail fungus is a fungal infection in the toenail. It happens when a fungus anything from mold to yeast to other types of fungus gets in the nail bed from a cut or break in the nail or repetitive trauma to the nail, and penetrates the nail itself, says Dr. Sundling. The nail then continues to grow with the fungus. Once a nail plate is infected with fungus, it will never not be infected, and you must wait to see how it grows out and whether the new nail growing behind it is healthy. The new nail rarely grows in healthy without treatment, says Sundling.
Toenail fungus is very common 14 percent of people have it in North America, according to an article published in the journal PLoS Pathogens and its more common the older you get, adds Sundling. Wearing shoes that are too small can damage the nail and make it more vulnerable to fungus, as can having a fungal infection on the skin of the foot and not treating it, which could expose the nail to fungus. You may be more at risk to toenail fungus if you have diabetes, or a weaker immune system.
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