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What Causes Ridges In Your Nails

What Causes Vertical Ridges In Nails

Do You Have Vertical Ridges On Your Nails? (Cause)

This is actually a really important distinction, because vertical fingernail ridges are different than horizontal ridges . Usually, vertical nail ridges are a natural part of aging that happens because of a decrease in cellular turnover.

If the ridges are pretty deep and pronounced, and you’re on the ~younger~ side, Dr. Chen says they could point to vitamin deficiencies or dehydration instead. Vertical nail ridges aren’t usually something to be concerned about, but horizontal ones? A whole different story.

Treatment For Ridges In Fingernails

As fingernail ridges are generally symbols of other health conditions treatment is aimed at curing the underlying condition. For instance, if the condition is due to diabetes treatment focuses on controlling diabetes, and if the condition is due to some skin problem the treatment procedure aims at treating the same.

Hydrate Your Nails With Oils

The primary cause of nail ridges can be the lack of the bodys natural oils and its super easy to treat. Your first potential line of defence is hydration. Try applying nail oil, coconut oil, olive oil, or vitamin E oil to help prevent ridges from forming in the first place. Use a massaging motion to increase blood circulation to your nail beds and distribute the oil evenly.

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When To See A Doctor

You dont need to see a doctor if you have vertical ridges on your nails.

But if you get horizontal ones or your nails change colour, consult your doctor ASAP. Changes in nails are often the symptoms of underlying health conditions so you want to get checked out, and the sooner the better too.

If you have onychorrhexis, how do you deal with these vertical ridges on your fingernails? Share your tips in the comments below.

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Symptom: Brown Vertical Stripe On The Nail

Horizontal ridges on fingernail or nail dystrophy

This may be a sign of melanoma. While you may think the deadliest type of skin cancer always shows up as a mole or dark spot, it can actually start in the nail.

Only about 1 percent of all melanomas in Caucasians occur in the nail, but if youre African-American, 20 percent of melanomas start there, Rich said.

In more advanced cases, it can spread on to the cuticle area or the skin around the nail. Thats an ominous sign its means its growing and spreading, she noted.

Hormones and certain medications can also make pigmented bands in the nails, but be especially watchful for nail cancer symptoms, such as a brown or dark stripe that goes from the cuticle out to the free edge of the nail, especially one thats getting wider.

If you have brown fingernails and the discoloration is round, as opposed to linear, it could be another condition. For example, brown spots on nails, especially if they’re pitted, could be a sign of nail psoriasis.

Course of action: Get any brown pigmentation on your nail checked out by a dermatologist.

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Common Causes Of Horizontal Ridges And Dents On The Toenails Include:

  • Dropping something heavy onto the toenail.
  • A period of long-distance running.
  • A period of standing at work or going on long walks.
  • Jamming the toenail against the front of your shoe or bumping it against something.
  • A period of heavy walking or standing.
  • A period of heavy running and damage to the toenails.
  • You could also get these horizontal lines from cold damage to your toes, which would stop the toenails from the groin for a short period of time.
  • There are other metabolic or disease-related causes of these ridges or dents, but they are less common.

Treatment And Repair Of Nail Ridges

As mentioned above, nail ridges are not necessarily an indication of serious medical concern, but you can still seek to better them or reduce their appearance. Nail repair gel may have some effect, but emery boards will reduce the appearance significantly.

As well, introducing mineral supplements into your daily intake has also proven beneficial in reducing the effects of nail ridges. Additionally, you should seek the advice of a dermatologist for treatment and diagnosis, which may include a specific nail repair gel. Still, they will have experience and education to assess and treat your nail ridges properly.

Dr. Mitchell Kline and Dr. Jeremy Green are widely recognized as two of the most admired and trusted dermatologists in the world. Due to our patented Drs. Kline + Green product line, we can provide instant nail repair relief. To enjoy beautiful clean nails, place your order today. You wont be disappointed.

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What Vitamin Are You Lacking When You Have Ridges In Your Nails

Our nails naturally develop slight vertical ridges as we age. However, severe and raised ridges can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia. Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B12 or keratin can result in fingernail ridges. Hormonal changes can also cause ridges to appear.

Diagnosis Of The Cause Of Bump On The Nails


For nail damaged in an injury, one should let the affected nail and finger heal for a few weeks before deciding to visit a doctor. However, the individual should see doctor as soon as possible if the injury caused a crushed nail, ragged or clean cut through their nail, bleeding under the nail, or tearing of the nail. The doctor should also be consulted immediately when noticing any sudden serious changes in the nails. To diagnose the underlying cause of the nail bump or the nail ridge, the medical expert would first examine the nail and ask the patient about the symptoms they are experiencing. If kidney disease, nutritional deficiencies or diabetes are suspected to be causing the nail bump, urine and blood tests would be ordered to confirm the diagnosis. If a skin condition seems to be causing the ridges, a treatment plan can be started without any delay. However, if the doctor is unable to identify the cause of the nail ridges, a sample of the finger nail clippings may need to be analyzed for signs of infection.

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Why Do I Have White Horizontal Ridges On The Toenails

  • The most common cause of white horizontal ridges on the toenails is a small amount of trauma.
  • If you have a horizontal white dent in the toenail or a horizontal white ridge on the toenail, this is likely due to damage.
  • The white mark is due to toenail damage, which could be associated with a ridge due to a slow down or deformity in the nail.
  • If horizontal ridges are associated with redness or a black line, dry blood is most likely associated with your horizontal ridge.

Hydrate Your Nailsjust As You Would Your Skin

Just like your skin can become cracked and rough to the touch, the ridges in your nails can experience some dryness. The good news is, you can help them in similar ways: “Apply moisturizer to your fingernails just as you do to your hands,” Zeichner notes. That said, oils are your friends: Try massaging some jojoba oil, coconut oil, or argan oil onto your nails to moisturize and soften the surface. But you don’t have to shell out extra cash for nail-specific products . Rather, “you can use the same types of oils that you apply to hydrate your face,” Zeichner adds. Allow us to reemphasize: Nail care and skin care are two sides of the same coin.

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Treatment Of Bumps On Nails

Since bumps on the thumbnail and other fingernails are generally signs of other health issues, the treatment for these bumps or nail ridges depends on the underlying cause of the changes in the nails. For instance, ones who develop Beaus lines due to diabetes can reduce the horizontal fingernail ridges simply by controlling their blood sugar.

Treatment for skin conditions like eczema includes application of moisturizers on the hands or topical ointments to decrease eczema symptoms and thus getting rid of the bump on the nails. For ridges caused due to deficiency of minerals or vitamins, making healthy dietary alterations and taking supplements to boost the nutrient levels can help to get rid of the bumps on the nails. The nail bumps can also be smoothened by buffing the fingernails with an emery board. However, the nails should never be pressed too hard to avoid any further damage. The advice of a dermatologist should also be taken on how to treat the nail with the bumps or ridges.

Symptom: Infected Inflamed Skin Around The Nail

Ridges in fingernails: What It Means if You Have Them ...

This is known as paronychia and can be caused by pushing back the cuticle.

Cuticles are really important and probably shouldnt be pushed back, Rich noted. They seal the skin to the nail and keep stuff out.

The cuticle prevents bacteria, fungus, yeast and mold from getting underneath your nail and causing an infection.

Course of action: Soak your nail in hot water two or three times a day to help reduce the swelling and pain, experts note. Your doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics or other medicine.

To prevent an infection, dont use any sharp implements to cut or push back your cuticles, and dont allow your manicurist to cut them, Rich advised. The best way to manage cuticles is to gently rub a towel over your nails after a shower when your skin is soft to get rid of the dead skin on the surface of the nail, she noted.

Nail discoloration or thickening can signal systemic health problems. Check with your doctor if you spot any changes.


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Ways To Minimize Nail Ridges

Your nails give your doctor clues to your health. For example, clubbed nails suggest heart and lung disease. Spoon shaped nails may mean anemia. Pitted nails can indicate a connective tissue disorder.

If nail defects keep occurring as the nail forms, its a sign of an ongoing problem with creating the nail which can be a sign of bigger problems like GI , kidney, lung, or liver disease, says Krant. These can also cause discoloration of nails and make nails look whiter, yellower, or bluer than normal due to discoloration of the underlying nail bed.

If you’re ever concerned about nail ridges – or any other nail condition – ask your dermatologist. It’s also a good idea to have your nails examined with your annual skin checkup!

So without further ado, here are the best ways to minimize nail ridges:

  • Develop good nail care habits. Keep nails short. Short nails are less likely to crack or tear, says Dr. Kechijian. He also recommends cutting nails after bathing when they’re softer and less likely to break.
  • 2. C. Ralph Daniel III, M.D., recommends cutting nails straight across and slightly rounded at the tip for maximum strength.

    3. Don’t bite nails or hang nails.

    4. Throughout the day, use a thick lotion or oil to moisturize your nails and cuticles. I’ve gotten great results with Foxbrim Argan Oil #ad. See below.

    5. Dr. Rich advises against buffing off the ridges. Because the ridge is the thinnest spot on the nail, it can easily split, making the whole situation worse.

    Nail Changes A Dermatologist Should Examine

    Have you noticed a change to any of your nails lately? A change in color, texture, or shape can be harmless, but it can also be a sign of disease. If you notice any of the following changes to a fingernail or toenail, its time to see a board-certified dermatologist.

  • Melanoma under nail Medical name: Acral lentiginous melanomaDark streakIf a fingernail or toenail has a new or changing dark streak, its time to see a dermatologist for a skin cancer check. That dark streak could be melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer.

    Not every dark streak is a melanoma, but its always good to have a dermatologist examine one. Caught early and treated, that may be the only treatment you need.Allowed to grow, treatment becomes more difficult.

  • Fingernail lifting up Medical name: OnycholysisNail lifting upIf a nail starts to lift up so that its no longer completely attached, youll likely see white discoloration, as shown here. When a nail lifts up, the cause is often:
  • Injury from an aggressive manicure
  • Injury form cleaning under your nails with a sharp object
  • Infection around fingernail Medical name: ParonychiaRedness and swelling around a nailIf you have redness and swelling around a nail, you may have an infection. When diagnosed early, you can often treat an infection with soaks and antibiotics. If an open sore forms, youll need more extensive treatment.
  • Spoon-shaped nails
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    How Do I Get Rid Of Ridges On My Fingernails

    If you’re experiencing vertical nail ridges and would rather not, follow Dr. Chen’s tips for smoothing out those lines:

  • Take a multivitamin. If your nail ridges are due to vitamin deficiency, Dr. Chen says a multivitaminmay be beneficial, but always consult your doctor before making any changes to your regimen.
  • Drink water. Water is baaasically the answer to 99 percent of beauty questions, and this is no different. Dr. Chen explains that drinking lots of water and staying hydrated could actually prevent nail ridges from forming as a result of dehydration. It’s that simple, people.
  • Moisturize. Another way to keep your nails healthy and hydrated or help them out when they’re feeling particularly parched is with a little moisturizing. Dr. Chen recommends using nail and cuticle oils to help replenish your bodys natural oils and aid in the growing out process.
  • See a doctor. If you’ve tried all of the above and still aren’t seeing any kind of improvement or more nail ridges are forming , make an appointment with a dermatologist for diagnosis and a custom treatment plan.
  • Should You Buff Nail Ridges

    Do You Have These Vertical Ridges On Your Nails?

    Ridges on the nails are actually not ridges, instead they are rows of missing nail cells where the matrix has either aged or been damaged and can no longer produce them. Natural nails should NEVER be buffed smooth in the presence of these grooves as it will thin them down and make them more likely to split or break.

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    What If I Have Horizontal Ridges In Both The Fingernails And The Toenails

    • If you have horizontal ridges in both the fingernails and the toenails, this may symbolize metabolic disease.
    • If you have a systemic disease like thyroid problems, diabetes, pneumonia, or recent flu or illness, this may explain the problem.
    • If you have heart issues, kidney issues, or lung issues, this could also explain deep horizontal ridges and deep dense in the toenails.
    • A good way to think about it is that the toenail problem does not indicate the disease, but that the disease can cause a slow down in your health, which can then cause a dent.
    • It is tough to correlate a dent in the toenail to a specific disease, but rather the dent in your toenail should be correlated to a slow down in your overall metabolism for a short period of time.
    • In our experience, this is still most likely due to trauma.

    When To See A Doctor For A Nail Ridge

    Usually, a ridge is no reason to worry, but if it seems to have come out of nowhere and you don’t remember bruising it, Gohara says it might be good to see a doctor. “I’d always have the nails examined by a board-certified dermatologist to sort out what the cause may be, especially if it comes on suddenly.”

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    Symptom: Ridges On Nails

    Vertical lines on nails or ridges are common as you get older. Most people eventually get them.

    Theyre kind of like wrinkles in the nail, Rich said. She discourages patients from buffing or filing the ridges smooth because that thins the nail.

    Deep horizontal ridges or depressions, known as Beaus lines, are more alarming. They indicate something caused the nail to stop growing temporarily. Triggers can include high fever, chemotherapy, a serious illness, major surgery, blood transfusion, a car accident or any major stress to your system, Rich noted. You can have a series of parallel Beaus lines that create the effect of rippled nails or bumpy nails if you experienced multiple episodes of stress.

    Course of action: If you cant link your deep horizontal ridges to a specific episode in your life, ask your doctor what the cause could be.

    Vertical ridges are usually just a part of aging. If you want to cover them up, dont buff, but use a ridge filler.

    Vertical Ridges On Fingernails

    Pin on Health benefits

    Vertical ridges and streaks on your fingernails are caused by different things than horizontal lines on nails. Your nails need blood, just like the rest of your body. Dark brown, black or gray streaks may occur on your fingernails or toenails as vertical, rather than horizontal lines.

    If they are particularly dark in color, running from the tip of your nail to your cuticle, they may be because of dilated or burst capillaries. In most cases, lines like these typically occur because of an injury and are usually completely normal.

    However, if you haven’t recently hurt your finger or toe and have lines like these along your nails, it may be unrelated to blood-flow issues. Some of these dark lines may be a sign of melanoma. Unlike other types of melanoma, this type known as acral lentiginous melanoma isn’t related to sun exposure.

    Vertical lines in fingernails are most likely to be of concern when you haven’t had any injuries or impacts but the area surrounding the streak has damaged your nail. If you see any vertical brown lines that run into your cuticle, contact your dermatologist as soon as possible to have them assessed.

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