Treatment Options For Fungal Nail
Treatment options, some of which can be prescribed by your GP and the others found at your local pharmacy, include:
Antifungal nail creams or paints
These are applied directly to the nail over several months and are most effective when used at the early stages of the infection. They arenât generally considered to be as effective as tablets because it can be difficult for the product to reach the deep layers of the nail. Some people choose them over tablets because side effects are less common. These are available over the counter.
A paste is applied to soften the infected area. This is then covered with a plaster for 24 hours. The next day, the paste is washed off and the softened nail gently scraped away.
This process has to be repeated every day for two to three weeks. When no more of the infected nail can be removed, an antifungal paint is applied to prevent re-infection as the nail grows over the next few months. These kits are available from your pharmacist.
These are only available on prescription and need to be taken for several months, before the infection has completely cleared up. Some tablets are unsuitable for people taking certain medicines, and some people may experience side effects. Always see your doctor or pharmacist for advice about medicines.
Natural Home Remedies For Fungal Nail Infection Hydrogen Peroxide And Vinegar
This method will last for 3 days.
The first days, you soak your affected nails into a proper amount of 5% vinegar for about 5 minutes. During the process of soaking, pres and release your nails several times to make sure the vinegar can absorb under your nails. Rinse it off with water before patting it dry.
The 2nd day, you soak your affected nails into a proper amount of 2% hydrogen peroxide for 5 minutes or so. Repeat the same routine as the 1st day.
The 3rd day, you repeat what you did in the 1st day. On the 4th day, repeat the 2nd day.
Do this method for about 3 weeks to get noticeable results. However, you should not combine both hydrogen peroxide and vinegar because it can forms peracetic acid which may have different properties that you are not aware of.
How Do Dermatologists Treat A Fungal Nail Infection
Treatment usually begins with your dermatologist trimming your infected nail, cutting back each infected nail to the place where it attaches to your finger or toe. Your dermatologist may also scrape away debris under the nail. This helps get rid of some fungus.
To completely get rid of the infection, most people also need one or more of the following treatments:
Medicine you apply to the nail: If you have a mild infection, a medicine that you apply to your nails may get rid of the infection. This treatment helps keep new fungus out while the nails grow. Fingernails typically grow out in four to six months. Toenails take longer, usually takes 12 to 18 months.
Probably the most difficult part of this treatment is remembering to use it as often as prescribed. Some treatments must be applied every day. Others you apply once a week. To get the best results, its essential that you apply these medicines exactly as directed.
The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the following medicines that you apply to the nail to treat nail fungus:
Side effects from these medicines are generally mild. Possible side effects include redness and swelling, an ingrown toenail, and stinging or burning when you apply the medicine. In clinical trials, none of these side effects caused patients to stop using the treatment.
The FDA has approved the following systemic medicines to treat nail fungus:
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Black Nail Fungus: Pictures And Symptoms
In most cases, a nail infected with filamentous fungus turns white or yellow.
It can also turn brown and, in rare cases when the pathogen is mold, turn black.
When the nail fungus is left untreated for a long time, bleeding can occur under the nail plate through the nail bed attacked by the fungus.
Inflammation can also develop and cause these injuries. Then the nail gradually changes color, and a black point or spot appears under the toenail.
In the case of a black nail fungus, either mold is responsible for the discoloration or bleeding under the nail.
The fungus often affects the front outer edge of a nail. In the case of feet, the big toe is often affected, but the remaining toenails or fingernails can also be affected.
Over time, a cavity under the toenail may develop because the fungus continues to work through the nail layers, and thus a thickening comes to the nail plate.
If a black line appears on a supposed nail fungus, it can also be bleeding. On the other hand, it can also be a more severe condition.
If you notice a black line on the nail, you should have the infection examined by a doctor. In the worst case, it can be black skin cancer.
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Living With A Nail Fungal Infection
If you have a nail fungal infection, some things can help:
- Keep your nails cut short and file down any thick areas.
- Dont use the same nail trimmer and file on healthy nails and infected nails. If you have your nails professionally manicured, bring your own nail file and trimmer from home.
- Wear waterproof gloves for wet work . Wear 100% cotton gloves for dry work.
- Wear socks made of wicking material . This pulls moisture away from the skin. Change your socks when they are damp from sweat or if your feet get wet. Put on clean, dry socks every day. Put over-the-counter antifungal foot powder inside your socks to keep your feet dry.
- Wear shoes with good support and a wide toe area. Dont wear pointed shoes that press your toes together.
- Avoid walking barefoot in public areas, such as locker rooms.
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Intake Of Olive Leaf Extract
Nail fungus could be painful but if you use Olive Leaf Extract in your diet, you would benefit from the antifungal properties and antimicrobial properties. Olive Leaf Extract is a natural way to boost your immune system as well. There are different ways to Consume Olive Leaf Extract. Firstly, the capsules can be purchased from any pharmacy and have to be consumed twice a day along with meals. Secondly, the application of olive lead salve on the infected area is also related to the treatment of Nail Fungus. Make sure that your water intake during this treatment is sufficient.
Nail Fungus: Polish Cream Or Tablets
Nail fungus can be very persistent. Topical treatment with nail polish may take up to one year. Tablets for treating fungal nail infections usually have to be taken for several weeks or months. They are much more effective than topical treatments, but they have more side effects.
Brittle nails and a whitish-yellowish or brownish discoloration are typical signs of nail fungus. The nails may also become thicker and change shape. The affected part of the nail sometimes detaches from the nail bed. The treatment options for nail fungus include nail polishes and creams as well as tablets. Nail polishes and creams are available in pharmacies without a prescription.
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Tea As A Toenail Fungus Cure
Tea is known to have tannic acid which is very helpful for soothing the skin. Tea also prevents feet from getting moist which discourages fungus from breeding and multiplying. Also, being an anti fungal agent, tea helps to reduce the fungal activities. Here is the method to use it.
- Put 5 10 black tea bags in a tub filled with warm water.
- The tub must be big enough to immerse feet easily.
- Rest your feet in the tub for 20 minutes .
- Subsequently, rinse and clean your feet with lukewarm water and pat them dry properly.
Side Effects Of Toenail Fungus Medication
One of the many benefits of using a homeopathic remedy is that there are little to no adverse side effects. Topical treatments often prescribed to treat toenail fungus can potentially burn or blister the skin. Oral medications for treating onychomycosis can cause liver or gastrointestinal damage. Be sure to read your medications list of potential side effects. Consult your pharmacist, physician, or specialist if you are concerned about side effects of prescription drugs.
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What Other Conditions Can Be Mistaken For Fungal Nails
Here are some other conditions you may have instead of fungal nails:
What Is Hydrogen Peroxide
Hydrogen Peroxide is a naturally-occurring compound used primarily as an antiseptic to kill bacteria and other organisms. Although it is toxic to cells, Hydrogen Peroxide is naturally produced in small amounts in the body as a defense against microorganisms. Available without a prescription, Hydrogen Peroxide is used to disinfect surfaces, small cuts, and scrapes, or treat acne. Hydrogen Peroxide is used in cosmetics to bleach hair or to whiten teeth.
As a surface or instrument disinfectant, Hydrogen Peroxide is used in a wide variety of products. In general, 3% Hydrogen Peroxide is used in the home and 30% or more Hydrogen Peroxide in clinical or industrial applications.
3% Hydrogen Peroxide can be used to disinfectant skin surfaces. At one time, Hydrogen Peroxide was widely used to disinfect cuts, scrapes, and burns. However, Hydrogen Peroxide interferes with the healing process by killing new skin cells, so it is no longer advised for disinfecting wounds.
At one time, Hydrogen Peroxide was a popular treatment for acne because it killed bacteria. Again, however, Hydrogen Peroxide interferes with the healing process making acne scars more likely, so it is no longer advised for use against acne.
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Clean Socks And Shoes
Regularly changing your socks and shoes can also cut down on the growth of unwanted foot fungus. Both socks and athletic shoes can also be washed in hot water to rid the growth of yeasts and fungi that may be growing on the fabric. Some shoes can be machine dried. Drying shoes in the sun is another option when cleaning footwear.
Adding a half-cup of baking soda or one cup of vinegar to the washing machine can help eliminate bacteria or fungus on socks or shoes.
Boots and other footwear that are not machine washable could be wiped out with a vinegar and water solution or sprayed with an over-the-counter antifungal spray. Medicated powders are also helpful in treating shoes for foot fungus.
Allowing the feet to breathe by taking off shoes and socks when possible can prevent fungal growth. Protect your feet by wearing breathable footwear and clean socks. Antimicrobial socks and shoes made from bamboo, copper, or specialty fabrics are also available. They can help reduce unwanted bacteria and yeast from growing in your footwear.
A proactive approach to keeping your feet clean and dry can prevent the spread of toenail fungus. You can wash or soak feet with warm soapy water or a foot bath using everyday household items. Soaking your feet in an all-natural, homeopathic concoction can be beneficial in reducing or eliminating toenail fungus.
Top 12 Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Nail Fungus Naturally
Commonly known to the layman as fungal nail infection, Onychomycosis is an infection that occurs when fungus forms beneath the nails. The condition can develop as a result of poor foot hygiene, continuous exposure to moist environments, wearing unbreathable synthetic socks, accumulation of sweat in shoes, imbalanced pH levels of the skin, a compromised immune system, and conditions like diabetes that constricts blood flow.Upon infection, Onychomycosis will cause the nail to thicken, discolor, and eventually crumble into pieces. If left untreated, the condition can become painful. As the infection progresses, areas around the infected toenails or fingernails may swell and begin to give off a foul smell too.
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What Should You Do For The Best Outcome
Regardless of the recommended course of treatment for fungal nails, one thing always tends to ring true:
The sooner you come for help with fungal toenails, the better your chances of treatment successand the faster you can see results!
Letting the fungus continue to grow and thrive within your toenails will only increase the challenge of fighting it.
You dont even have to wait until your nails are looking that bad to come to see us. In the earliest stages of a fungal infection, you may only see some white streaks or spots under your nail. It can be easy to pass these off as simple nicks and bumps on the nail, but keep track of them. If they change shape or grow over time, its worth having us take a look. Catching a fungal infection this early can save you plenty of time.
How Fungi Infect The Nail
Onchomycosis, or toenail fungal infection, is an invasion by a microscopic organism that thrives in warm, damp environments. Fungal spores are in the air, and they will grow if they land on a receptive surface like your toenail. They feed off the nail tissues, burrowing into the skin under the nail. Over time the nail thickens and may lift off the nail bed as fungal debris accumulates. Once your nail is raised off the nail bed, it won’t reattach, and a new nail won’t grow from that part of the nail bed. However, your nail will continue to grow from the root at the base.
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Popular Nail Fungus Natural Cures
Although one toenail fungus natural cure may require soaking the entire foot in some liquid or combination of liquid, another might recommend applying treatment directly to the affected area. But whatever the case may be, all usually have one thing in common the incredible length of time it takes to notice any difference in symptoms.
For example, using essential plant oils such as the essences of garlic, lavender, oregano, and the tea tree are said to have a positive effect on toenail fungus due to their antibacterial and antifungal properties. However, they must be used for months if not for an entire year at a time before any results are experienced. Olive oil, an ingredient usually used for cooking, is also said to be beneficial for fungal infections but this is probably because it softens the nails making them easier to file and remove the fungus.
Although there has been quite a lot of hype about natural cures for toenail fungus recently, an extensive look at unbiased reports of those who have used some type of nail fungus natural cure routinely show disappointing results. Also, some home remedies may even cause allergic reactions and a host of other skin problems.
Although the statistics are dire, a nail fungus natural cure is not out of your reach provided you research all of your options, including learning as much as possible about toenail fungus in general as well as knowing what ingredients you are putting in or on your body.
Softening And Scraping Away The Nail
As it can take a long time for antifungal medication to work, some people may prefer to use a treatment that involves softening and removing infected parts of nail over a few weeks.
Treatment kits are available from pharmacies that contain a 40% urea paste, plasters and a scraping device. The paste softens the infected parts of the nail, allowing them to be scraped away so they can be gradually replaced with healthy nail.
To use the treatment:
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What Is The Treatment For Fungal Nails
Oral antifungal therapy has a high cure rate, depending on the medication. It can take nine to 12 months to see if it has worked or not, because that is how long it takes for the nail to grow out. Even when therapy works, the fungus may come back. Currently, an oral antifungal therapy is considered the best treatment for toenail fungus because of higher cure rates and shorter treatment duration compared to topical therapy.
Prescription oral medications that are effective against nail fungus include the following:
There are several innovative treatments that are still being tested:
- Laser therapy or uses application of light-activated agents onto the nail followed by shining light of a proper wavelength on the nail.
- Use of electrical current to help absorption of topical antifungal medications into the nail: This is also called iontophoresis.
- Use of a special nail lacquer that changes the micro-climate of the nail to make it inhospitable for the fungus to grow: If this works, it may be an inexpensive way to treat this problem in the future.
One way to definitively get rid of toenail fungus is by surgery. Surgical treatment of onychomycosis involves nail removal. However, this often only provides temporary relief, and recurrence is common unless additional antifungal medication is simultaneously used. However, surgical removal may be warranted when the affected nail is associated with other factors such as trauma and or infection.