Causes Of Ingrown Toenails
Dr. Botek shares the most common causes of painful ingrown toenails:
Heredity. Many people inherit the tendency to develop ingrown toenails from one or both parents.
Ill-fitting footwear. Crowding your feet into socks and shoes that are too short or tight can set up an environment for painful ingrown toenails to develop. This is why adolescents and teens often get ingrown toenails. Due to sudden growth spurts and body changes, teens and adolescents may outgrow their footwear quickly and can end up wearing them a while before buying better-fitting shoes, Dr. Botek says.
Trauma. Occasionally, stubbing or jamming your toe, dropping something on your toe or participating in activities that put repeated pressure on your toes can cause ingrown toenails to develop.
Improper trimming. One of the most common causes of ingrown toenails is cutting them too short. When nails are very short, it encourages the skin at the sides of the nail to fold over it. Dont be overzealous with the clippers and be sure to cut straight across.
Pedicures. Many women enjoy getting pedicures. Nothing wrong with that, but make sure to go to an experienced technician. Pedicures can cause ingrown nails if the nail technician is overly aggressive in cutting back a toenail, says podiatrist Dina Stock, DPM.
What Can Be Done For An Ingrown Toenail
This will depend on what exactly is causing the pain, if the nail has penetrated the skin and just how far down the side of the nail the problem is. The podiatrist will meticulously remove the offending piece of nail and smooth the edge of the nail. If it is deep and maybe infected, a local anaesthetic may be needed.
If the nail is very curved and goes deep down the side, this may be an ongoing problem, so a minor surgical procedure may be needed to remove that side of the nail and a chemical used to stop that part of the nail from growing back. This is often the case if the nail progresses to this stage:
If the nail looks like that, the only solution is the removal of the edge or bit of the nail that has penetrated the skin. Not topical cream or antibiotic is going to take that bit of nail away.
What Causes An Infected Ingrown Toenail
The warm, moist environment of the feet can be a breeding ground for bacteria and fungi. These commonly include Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, dermatophytes, Candida, and Trichophyton. When there is a break in the skin from the offending nail border, these organisms can invade the area and cause an infection. Treatment for these infections is essential to maintain healthy toenails and feet. The medical term for infected ingrown toenail is called paronychia. If not treated, the infected toenail can cause serious problems such as chronic pain and disfigurement, cellulitis, and bone infection.
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Other Diseases Affecting The Toenails
While ingrown toenails are the most common foot ailment, there are various foot diseases that cause nail problems and often have to be ruled out before diagnosing ingrown toenails.
Lichen Planus:;Lichen planus, or LP, is a form of dermatitis that causes skin lesions on the foot . In about 10 percent of cases, toenails are affected, causing ridging and grooving, splitting, nail thinning and eventually, nail loss.
Alopecia Areata:;While most people think of alopecia in terms of hair loss, the impact it has on nails is sometimes the first sign of the disease. Within this disease, offending nails become pitted or split, frequently causing a rough appearance and white spots.
Onychomycosis:;This fungal infection of the fingernails or toenails might involve any part of the nail . Onychomycosis can cause pain/discomfort and even disfigurement, and the progression of the disease may result in problems with standing, walking and exercising. The foot complications involved with onychomycosis are also frequently responsible for causing social and professional limitations to those afflicted.
Final Thoughts on Ingrown Toenails
How Can I Fix My Ingrown Toenail Today
Lets start with addressing a common misconception: that simply soaking it in salty water and leaving it be will eventually lead to it fixing itself. When you consider why your toenail is sore in the first place from a piece of nail that has entered the skin, youll understand why salty water isnt a suitable or effective solution. We see many ingrown toenails that have been left for weeks without success, while its owner struggles with pain while wearing shoes, and may even be unable to tolerate the pressure from the bedsheets.
Fixing your ingrown toenails starts with removing the troublesome, penetrating nail edge and not leaving any spicules or pieces of it behind. The safe, quick and easy removal of these spicules is one of our specialities here at My FootDr and it doesnt require any anaesthetic unless you want it! Its a simple process that is done in your treatment chair and youll feel instant relief though you may have some residual tenderness from the swelling until it settles and heals. Once the nail is removed, the skin can heal, and your toe can return to its former pain-free state.
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What Are Possible Complications Of Ingrown Toenails
A persisting ingrown toenail can have serious consequences. A localized infection of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection , which can in turn progress to a bone infection . Complications can include scarring of the surrounding skin and nail borders as well as thickened, deformed fungal toenails . Sometimes, there is an enlargement of soft tissue at the nail fold that easily bleeds and drains.
What To Do If You Cant Fix And Ingrown Toenail At Home
We would always recommend that you visit your podiatrist immediately if you notice any of the previously mentioned symptoms. Your Podiatrist will likely attempt to manage your ingrown nail conservatively first This usually requires resection of your nail simply using nail clippers and a small blade. Once the offending portion of the nail has been removed, the area will be cleansed with saline and re-dressed with betadine and some sterile dressings. Usually, this can be done without too much pain and discomfort, however, a local anesthetic may be used.;
Following your initial appointment you will see your Podiatrist in about 1 week to ensure the toe is healing well.;
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How To Fix An Ingrown Toenail At Home
Most non-infected ingrown toenails are not a ;serious medical problem and improve within a week after proper home care without causing permanent damage. Some of these remedies include:
- Soaking feet in warm water: Soak feet 3 to 4 times daily for about 15-20 minutes and then dry feet thoroughly. Epsom salt can also be added. It softens the skin around the toes and aids in stopping the nail ingrowth, ease pain and reduce swelling.
- Soaking feet in Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar is believed to have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving abilities. Soak feet in warm water mixed with 1/4th cup of apple cider vinegar for about 15 to 20 minutes and dry thoroughly after soaking
- How to fix an ingrown toenail with dental floss: After soaking feet in warm water, carefully roll back the ingrown part of the nail and slip a small piece of waxed dental floss under the ingrown nail to lift the offending edge of the nail from the skin.; Change it daily or as needed until the swelling of the underlying skin decreases.
- How to fix ingrown toenail with cotton:;After soaking feet in warm water, carefully roll back the ingrown part of the nail and slip a small piece of cotton dipped in olive or clove oil under the ingrown nail to lift the offending edge of the nail from the skin.;
- Change it regularly daily until the pain decreases..
If no improvement is seen within 3 to 4 days or the condition worsens, seek medical help.
Soak In Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is a folk remedy for almost everything these days, including ingrown toenails. Its believed to have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving abilities, although scientific evidence is limited at best.
To try this remedy, prepare a basin of warm water combined with 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar. Soak the affected foot for up to 20 minutes daily. Dry your foot thoroughly after soaking.
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Cut The Nail Straight Across
Cohen notes that the best shape for healthy toenails is straight acrossno curves, no angles, no ovals. If you get your nails done professionally, be sure to inform your manicurist of your desired shape beforehand. If you do it at home, be sure to invest in a nail clipper that has a straight edge, as many tend to be curved. The straight edge will make it easier to achieve your shape yourself. Always be sure to keep the nails on the longer side. If you cut them too short, you create more opportunity for the nail to grow into soft skin.;
Nadine Abramcyk, owner of New York Citybased clean nail salon tenoverten, agrees: “When you overcut the nail at the edges, so they curve down instead of being straight across, you create the opportunity for the nail to grow into the skin.”
Prevention Tips For Ingrown Toenails
Most ingrown toenails can be prevented by wearing shoes that:
- fit correctly and arent too tight or narrow
- allow your toes some room to spread out without being too loose
- have a smooth, flexible sole that molds easily around the shape of your foot
In addition, you may be able to decrease your risk of developing this condition by taking the following steps:
- while trimming corns or calluses, cutting them along with the curved outline of your nails so they dont grow into an ingrown nail later on
- keeping your feet clean and dry but not allowing them to get extremely sweaty during exercise and daily activities
- wearing sandals going barefoot is not appropriate for everyone, especially those with diabetes. Your doctor may recommend that you avoid this activity
- wearing shoes that have soft soles or rubber or leather-covered insoles to keep the nails from coming into contact with sweaty feet
- applying over-the-counter antibiotic cream around your toenails after cutting them if youre prone to ingrown nails
If you do develop an ingrown nail, apply the following steps for immediate relief:
- apply ice wrapped in a clean cloth to reduce any pain and swelling
- soak the foot in warm water several times daily
- wear shoes that are wider than usual until treatment begins
- keep toes raised above heart level as much as possible while resting and sleeping
- take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce pain and inflammation
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What Is An Ingrown Fingernail
Your nails and skin are made of a protein called keratin. Nails are formed when dense layers of keratinized cells push to the surface of your finger. Ridges on your nails correspond to skin ridges underneath your nails. These help hold your nails in place.
When the shape of your nail changes, the ridges that hold your nail in place can lose their connection. This can cause the nail to grow into the sides or corners of your skin. This is known as an ingrown nail. A number of things can cause this, including:
- growth thats too fast or too slow
- improper trimming, such as leaving a nail spike on the end
How To Fix Ingrown Toenails: 8 Tips To Prevent Ease & Treat
This pesky nail issue can start small, but grow into a painful and chronic condition if left untreated. The problem is, however, they can be hard to treat and manageand often take professional intervention. Here’s what to do if you have an ingrown issue or suspect you are developing one.;
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Ways To Treat Ingrown Toenails
Ingrown toenails can be very painful and at times need the attention of a professional, but there are some things you can do on your own.
Ingrown toenails are painful, and they can be tricky to treat because they can easily become infected and are often a recurring problem.
If your ingrown toenail has become infected, you shouldn’t attempt to treat it yourself. “The first thing is, if they’re infected, they need to be seen by a podiatrist,” says Alan K. Mauser, DPM, a podiatrist in Louisville, Ky.
If the ingrown toenail is not infected, you can try some at-home remedies to keep the pain at bay and prevent the ingrown toenail from coming back. Here are some ideas:
Ingrown Toenail Home Treatment: Do
- Try to coax a stuck toenail out from beneath overgrown skin by soaking the affected foot three to four times a day.
- Dry the foot well and wear comfortable shoes that do not crowd the toes until the area is healed.
- Insert a very small wad of cotton or waxed dental floss between the nail and the skin to encourage separation. Change the packing material every day.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen to minimize discomfort.
It’s important to seek medical treatment if the condition becomes worse or doesn’t improve with home treatment within two to three days.
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How To Fix An Ingrown Toenail
- How To Fix An Ingrown Toenail?
Are you suffering with a toenail that is digging or cutting into the skin of your toe? Then this is an ingrown toenail, also called by doctors onychocryptosis. If you want to know how to fix an ingrown toenail you have come to the right place.
This is a problem many people have to deal with today and it most commonly affects the big toe, though it can happen on any of the others. This article tells you a quick and easy way on how to fix an ingrown toenail if it is not infected, how to recognize of it is infected, and what to do then.
Why you? In case you are wondering why you have developed an ingrown toenail; here are some of the reasons it happens. Firstly, if you have more rounded nails then this can make you more likely to get it, if people in your family get them this makes you more likely too as well because there is a genetic tendency. You may have recently injured or damaged your toe and trauma can cause it to happen.
If you have a toenail infection this can cause the shape of the nail to distort leading it to grow into the skin. Tight shoes and high heels are also a causing factor. But probably the most common cause of ingrown toenails is cutting the nails incorrectly! Too many people cut the nails too short and round them like fingernails. In fact you should let them be a little longer than the toe and just cut straight across.
Wear Comfortable Shoes And Socks
Shoes and socks that are too tight can crowd your toes. This is considered to be a leading cause of ingrown toenails. To help prevent an ingrown toenail from developing or worsening, wear shoes and socks or hosiery that fit but still leave ample space in the toe bed. During the healing process, avoid shoes or wear sandals as much as possible to limit pressure on your toenails.
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Ingrown Toenail Remedies You Can Do At Home
Ingrown toenails;that are not showing signs of infection can be treated at home. There are ingrown toenail remedies for mild cases that only need simple treatment.
Health care professionals do not recommend treating an infected ingrown toenail. Never attempt to lift your ingrown toenail with cotton or dental floss. This could only introduce bacteria into the affected area.
You should see your;foot and ankle doctor;if:
- home remedies do not work for you
- you have poor circulation or
- you have diabetes
- partially removing the nail and
- removing the nail and tissue
How To Cure Ingrown Toenails Naturally
An ingrown toenail is one that is embedded in the skin and does not grow properly. Normally, it’s creates a pretty painful inflammation around the nail and redness, and though this can happen both in hands and feet, they are more frequent in the latter. It’s important to take care of this condition and treat it as soon as possible to soothe pain with some natural remedies. Keep on reading this OneHowTo article to find out how to cure ingrown toenails naturally.
One of the most common causes of ingrown nails is cutting them incorrectly and not caring for them, for example, when we cut them too short. If the wound created by the sunken nail is not very severe, you can treat it yourself following this method. Put the affected toe in water for a couple of minutes to make your nail softer, dry it with a clean towel and get hold of some previously disinfected tweezers. Try to softly lift the ingrown toenail and put some damp cotton wool right under the nail.
However, if the ingrown toenail creates a more serious injury and gets infected, it’s important to go to your doctor, especially if it gives you a fever.
If the wound is not too severe and want to relieve the pain and swelling from the ingrown toenail, you can try this natural remedy. One of the most popular solutions is to take advantage of the anti-inflammatory properties of onion and apply a bit of its juice on the nail with a cotton disk.
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